Association of Youth Organizations Nepal
Terms of Reference
|Assignment||Support action research for employment centric planning across selected municipalities in province 2 and Lumbini province|
Association of Youth Organizations Nepal (AYON) is a not-for-profit, autonomous and youth led-youth run network of youth organizations established in 2005. It acts as an umbrella organization of youth organizations throughout the country and provides a common platform for collaboration, cooperation, joint actions and collective endeavor among youth organizations in Nepal. AYON is registered with the District Administration Office (DAO), Kathmandu in 2005 and has its affiliation with the Social Welfare Council (SWC) of Nepal in 2006. It represents 92 youth organizations representing more than 600,000 members of 44 districts.
AYON in partnership with ILO’s technical assistance component of Skills for Employment Programme (ILO SEP) is working to promote employment and youth centric planning at subnational level.
The work is guided by changes to federal governance system. One, according to the Constitution of Nepal, the federal system of governance treats all governments (central, provincial, local) as equal governments and power has been devolved, rather than decentralized, to local governments. Hence local governments possess irrevocable authorities on different aspects of governance including governing certain aspects of labor relations. Two, local governments prepare their own annual budget and though a part of budget is received from the central government, there is certain flexibility regarding how the local governments can use the budget. Three, local governments are also implementing agencies for the Prime Minister’s Employment Program(PMEP), an ambitious employment guarantee program designed for unemployed adult population aged 18-60.
In this context, ILO SEP has prepared a Toolkit for Employment Friendly Budget (TEFB) which is expected to provide local governments a framework to make budgets more employment friendly. This task is expected to use TEFB and make suggestions for avoiding ambiguity in ranking employment friendliness of annual policies and programs of ten municipalities in province two and province five.
Furthermore, this task is also expected to collect key information regarding projects proposed to the PMEP by different wards of these ten municipalities since the beginning of the operationalization of the PMEP. The variables of interests are projects submitted, their status (rejected or accepted), amount of fund they received, and number of employments they generated.
This task contributes to our understanding of two important factors related to employment creation. One, how local governments are designing their budgets and whether they are providing sufficient attention to creating new employments. Two, how they are utilizing the fund provided by the federal government under PMEP and how municipalities differ in terms of creating new jobs with the federal fund.
While the understanding of the first factor helps in enhancing the employment friendliness of future local government programs, understanding of the second factor helps in understanding the efficiency as well as the variation in the efficiency across different municipalities in utilizing federal fund.
The first task also contributes to understanding the extent of either squandering of resources or capital intensiveness of the projects introduced by the municipalities. For example, if municipality A is spending X amount for different projects and generating workdays of employment while municipality B is spending Y amount for different projects generating , where X>Y and , then municipality B is likely more employment friendly. Municipality A, on the other hand, is either employment inefficient and squandering its resources or using more capital intensive tools. It will be up to these local governments to decide whether they would like to be more labor intensive in their approach going forward.
There are three objectives of this task:
- To calculate the employment friendliness scores of ten selected municipalities of provinces two and five (given in annex 1) based on the methodology prescribed in TEFB and, where necessary, explain those scores,
- To provide suggestions regarding ambiguities and other issues encountered while calculating the scores in (a) and ways to resolve those ambiguities,
- To collect information regarding projects submitted for consideration to the PMEP from selected municipalities
Note municipalities will be selected from Lumbini Province and Province 2.
To achieve objective (a), the research assistant should study TEFB document properly and carefully. The assistant will be provided the annual policy and program documents of ten selected municipalities of province two and province five (Lumbini). Based on the methodologies prescribed in TEFB, the assistant should estimate the scores of these annual policy and programs.
To accomplish objective (b), the research assistant should carefully note the statements in policy and programs that she/he deems to be equivocal and explain the reason behind it. The assistant is expected to provide suggestions on amending the methodology to make it unequivocal. When it is difficult to resolve the issue, the assistant should contact the supervisor.
To accomplish objective (c), the assistant should collect the following information.
- Information on each project submitted by different wards for consideration to the municipality
- Information on each project submitted by municipalities to PMEP
- Information on the projects and total funds committed by PMEP to the municipalities and the wards associated with the municipalities
- Information on actual fund spent by those projects
- Information on total workdays eventually generated by those projects
- Bachelor’s degree, masters preferred, in social sciences
- Previous experience with employment planning to
Three documents each containing the final results corresponding to Objectives (a),(b), and (c). The due date for the delivery will be June 6.
Deadline for Application: 4th of June 2021
Working Days: 30
Email address for application: firstname.lastname@example.org
Interested applicants are requested to email their CV along with a short cover letter (no more than 750 words) describing their relevant expertise to showcase how they best fit the role.